VIDEOS

  • VUELVE A JUGAR  
    En tan sólo una generación, los occidentales habrán pasado más tiempo en el mundo virtual que en la naturaleza. Estadísticas escalofriantes lo demuestran: los niños permanecen un 90% del tiempo en espacios cerrados.

  • THE CHILD IN NATURE
    A documentary film about Nature Deficit Disorder by Miranda Andersen. The film features an interview with environmental author Richard Louv.


  • NATURE DEFICIT DISORDER PRESENTATION

  • NATURE DEFICIT DISORDER
    lobal Voices for Justice interviews Richard Louv, author of The Nature Principle, Last Child in the Woods, The Web of Life, and other books. Louv shares a hopeful message for every area of life from more productive workplaces, to better classroom learning and healing our nature-starved spirits.

  • GO OUTSIDE AND PLAY WITH RICHARD LOUV
    Are we spending too much time in front of electronic screens? This inspirational video of Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods, reminds us of why it's important to get unplugged and get out into the wild. Make a pledge today to Go Outside and Play!

  • GO OUTDOORS AND END THE NATURE DEFICIT DISORDER
    The more high-tech our lives become, the more nature we need in order to achieve natural balance. 

  • LEARNING OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM - EARLY YEARS 
 

INVESTIGACIONES Y lecturas EN INGLÉS

TEMA: NATURALEZA - NATURE



INVESTIGACIONES EN INGLÉS

TEMA: HIPOTERAPIA, EQUINOTERAPIA, PSICOTERAPIA ASISTIDA CON EQUINOS - Hippotherapy, Therapeutic Horseback Riding, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy

  • A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF THE PERCEIVED HEALTH BENEFITS OF A
    THERAPEUTIC RIDING PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM
    DISORDERS
    , 2010
    Results of this study encourage the utilization of therapeutic riding as an effective
    health promotion intervention for individuals with ASD. Recommendations for future
    research efforts include analysis of the effects of deep sensory pressure and the
    movement provided by the horse on the emotional regulation and cognitive processing of
    children with ASD. Study designs isolating the variable of the horse’s presence could
    further clarify the nature of the animal’s role in similar interventions. Quantitative
    studies with larger samples measuring specific cognitive, psychological, and social
    variables not previously studied but revealed in this data are also encouraged.

  • HORSEPOWER: A study of equine influence on female adolescent self-efficacy, 2005
    This study sought to examine the experiences of a group of five young women, aged
    between thirteen and seventeen years, who interact with horses on a regular basis. A
    hermeneutical phenomenological approach is adopted to explore the relationships
    formed between the participants and their horses in an attempt to ascertain if self-efficacy
    is increased as a consequence of these interactions. Analysis of the data provides an understanding of the complexities of the relationships formed between the young women and their horses, and an exploration of the particular characteristics which combine to influence self-efficacy. The paper concludes that participant self-efficacy was increased as a consequence of their interactions with horses due to a combination of task and relationship-related challenges.

  • A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE EFFECTS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
    INVOLVING EQUINES
    , 2009
    The evidence is promising in support of the effectiveness of psychotherapy employing equines. Future studies are needed that utilize rigorous and creative designs, especially longitudinal studies and comparisons with established effective treatments, 2011

  • A Therapeutic Touch: The Impact of Hippotherapy on Children with Special Needs, 2011
    Through research and investigation, the author explored the history and benefits of hippotherapy on individuals with special needs. The researcher compared horse therapy to that of other forms of Animal Assisted Therapy, or AA T, defining the key differences between hippotherapy and therapeutic riding. With the use of observations and interviews, the author investigated the advantages of hippotherapy on a child with a developmental delay and moderate cognitive disability, and a child with autism. The researcher noted high interest levels, positive demeanors, and quick response rates while implementing hippotherapy strategies with students with special needs. While enrolled in SPCED 299X, a course on the Ball State University campus, the author had a chance to use knowledge of special education and AAT in order to plan for procedures used throughout the future Blackford County High Riding Art and Equestrian Camp.

  • Biomechanical Analysis of the Therapeutic Effects of Horseback Riding, 2003
    The results suggest that even a short period of horseback riding is effective for improving contractures and spasticity of hip adductors.

  • Equine Assisted Psychotherapy: Can it Improve Self-Regulation and Social Skills in Children Diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder? 2012
    Those who currently suffer with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) find little relief as the development and implementation of intervention strategies are limited and have lagged behind (Astley, 2011; Paley & O’Connor, 2009; Warren, Hewitt, & Thomas, 2011). This literature review examines if equine assisted psychotherapy (EAP) is a viable behavioral intervention to improve self-regulation and social skills in children diagnosed with FASD.

  • Does horseback riding therapy (HBRT) or therapist-directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy (CP)? 2007
    The studies found that during HBRT and hippotherapy: (1) the three-dimensional, reciprocal movement of the walking horse produced normalized pelvic movement in the rider, closely resembling pelvic movement during ambulation in individuals without disability; (2) the sensation of smooth, rhythmical movements made by the horse improved co-contraction, joint stability, and weight shift, as well as postural and equilibrium responses; and (3) that HBRT and hippotherapy improved dynamic postural stabilization, recovery from perturbations, and anticipatory and feedback postural control. The evidence suggests that recreational horseback riding therapy and hippotherapy are individually efficacious, and are both medically indicated as therapy for gross motor rehabilitation in children with CP.

  • The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Social Functioning in Children with Autism, 2009
    Autistic children exposed to therapeutic horseback riding exhibited greater sensory seeking, sensory sensitivity, social motivation, and less inattention, distractibility, and sedentary behaviors. The results provide evidence that therapeutic horseback riding may be a viable therapeutic option in treating children with autism spectrum disorders.

  • Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy as a Complementary Treatment Intervention, 2013
    The use of horses in a therapeutic context is a subset of AAT known as equine-facilitated psychotherapy (EFP). EFP has been incorporated into the healing process for a wide range of
    behavioral and mental health disorders. EFP is commonly used as a complimentary intervention to empirically supported therapeutic interventions.  During EFP, horses support clients’ development of positive behavior and emotional wellness through a variety of activities.

  • Experience of hippotherapy as a treatment for disabled children in India, 2011
    The results show that the children were positive regarding the hippotherapy and had experienced physical improvement. The teachers experienced that the children had improved regarding motor skills, speech and learning ability. The conclusion based on agreement between children and teachers, is that hippotherapy is a positive form of therapy for these children in both physical and psychological aspects.

  • Combination of Hippotherapy with Technical Bobath Method in Body Extensor Control of a Patient with Tetraplegia due to Cerebral Palsy, 2012
    The apprentice accomplished fifteen sessions with maximum duration of 30 minutes on the horse. The activities were structured seeking to stimulate motive coordination, proprioception, vestibular and motor-sensory system, they provided alterations of 20% in the thoracic cifosis, it improves in the time of the lateral reactions of protection in up to 700%, it improves of the muscular force of upper extremities passing of the degree 3 for 4 according to the scale of Oxford and it improves of the muscular tonus of upper extremities of the degree 3 for 1,
    according to the modified scale of Ashworth. 

  • Hippotherapy on Gross Motor Function in a Child with Hypotonic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy: A 1-year Follow-up, 2008
    The improvement was limited after initial 3-month hippotherapy with sitting backward; however, marked improvement was noted after replacing the sitting backwards program by prone propped position in the following courses. Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) scores increased from 31.37% to 82.35% and from 0 to 25% in dimension A and B, respectively.  Gross Motor Function Classification System improved from Level V to Level IV and GMFM-h total scores also increased from 29.17% to 81.25% after the prone propped treatment. We suggested that hippotherapy might enhance gross motor performance and functional ability in hypotonic CP with appropriate treatment position.

  • IMPACT OF EQUINE-ASSISTED THERAPY ON AUTISM... Case Studies: Exploring the Impact of Equine-Assisted Activities on the Physical and Behavioral Health of Two Pre-Adolescent Males on the Autism Spectrum
    Findings suggest equine-assisted treatment aided the participants’ abilities to follow directions, ask for needs and wants, and improved their behaviors in the classroom for several days after therapy. These findings strengthen the argument for adding therapeutic riding and/or hippotherapy to existing classroom-based therapeutic approaches for school-aged children with autism who are experiencing difficulty in school.

  • A COMPARISON OF THE FREQUENCY OF OCCURENCE OF STEREOTYPIC BEHAVIORS DEMONSTRATED BY A YOUTH WITH AUTISM DURING TWO RECREATION ACTIVITIES: HORSEBACK RIDING AND BOARD GAME PLAY, 2008
    The total number of observed stereotypic behaviors occurred at a higher frequency in the board game play activity as compared to the horseback riding activity.

  • The Bond Between a Horse and a Human, 2009
    The bond that exists between a horse and human was examined using EEG from the horse and
    human simultaneously. Three volunteers ranging from novice to elite horse experience
    participated with an unfamiliar horse. The elite participant was also recorded with her own horse.  A dose-response effect was tested using 6 conditions requiring increasing interaction between the horse and human (baseline – apart, standing together, petting, grooming, sitting, and riding).  EEG was recorded from 10 locations on the horse and the human. EEG brain maps illustrated that increasing interaction between the horse and human showed more synchronous EEG. The elite horse person showed greater synchronization with her own familiar horse. Perhaps these findings illustrate the bond that exists between horses and humans.

  • The effect of equine assisted therapy in children with autism spectrum disorders, 2010
    After 10 weeks of equine assisted therapy (EAT), a significant improvement in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) severity was observed. Improvements in ASD severity were larger for patients who received more EAT lessons and for patients with milder forms of ASDs prior to therapy. Effects on the specific areas of functioning were all significant, with the largest effects on sociability and sensory/cognitive awareness.  Conclusions: EAT may be an effective treatment for children with ASDs.



INVESTIGACIONES EN español

TEMA: HIPOTERAPIA, EQUINOTERAPIA, PSICOTERAPIA ASISTIDA CON EQUINOS - Hippotherapy, Therapeutic Horseback Riding, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy



ARTÍCULOS EN INGLÉS

TEMA: HIPOTERAPIA, EQUINOTERAPIA, PSICOTERAPIA ASISTIDA CON EQUINOS - Hippotherapy, Therapeutic Horseback Riding, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy



ARTÍCULOS EN español

TEMA: NATURALEZA, HIPOTERAPIA, EQUINOTERAPIA, PSICOTERAPIA ASISTIDA CON EQUINOS

  • LA RAZÓN POR LA QUE TE SIENTA TAN BIEN UN PASEO ENTRE LOS ÁRBOLES, Natala Martín Cantero, 2015 

  • MEJORA DEL EQUILIBRIO MEDIANTE LA EQUITACIÓN TERAPÉUTICA: ESTUDIO PRELIMINAR, 1987
    Las personas afectadas por esclerosis múltiple (EM) acostumbran a ser subsidiarias de
    largos períodos de rehabilitación en hospitales y centros especializados. Esto significa
    a largo plazo, reducir a la persona a un ghetto. Por el contrario, la equitación terapéutica (ET) implica el contacto con la naturaleza: el sol, el aire, el clima cambiante,… toda una serie de estímulos externos que son aferencias neurológicas que estimulan la respuesta eferente neurológica y por ende el procesamiento neural. Tal como Sastre J et al afirman “la Neurorrehabilitación preferentemente es un proceso educacional dinámico basado en la adaptación del individuo a su entorno”.  La interacción entre el caballo y el jinete es un punto fundamental en esta actividad terapéutica. Ello supone una metodología de trabajo basada en la resolución de problemas. Todas estas razones nos llevan a concluir que la ET es una nueva forma de mejorar el equilibrio, y una nueva propuesta de tratamiento de la EM.

ENLACES DE INTERÉS - NATURALEZA

  • FIDEICOMISO DE CONSERVACIÓN DE PUERTO RICO
    Para la Naturaleza agrupa a todas las personas que buscamos un furuto sustentable para Puerto Rico, donde nuestros hijos puedan crecer en ciudades habitables, nadar en ríos de agua cristalina y alimentarse de los frutos de nuestra tierra. 

  • CHILDREN AND NATURE NETWORK 

    The Children & Nature Network (C&NN) encourages and supports the people and organizations working nationally and internationally to reconnect every child in every community with nature. The network provides a critical link between researchers, individuals, educators and organizations dedicated to children's health and well-being. C&NN also provides resources for sharing information, strategic initiatives and success stories.

  • KIDS4TREES

    In an effort to build the next generation of environmental stewards Kids4Trees works in association with national and local forests, as well as sports and community organizations, to connect 6-12 year-olds with nature and the wild outdoors. They provide FREE environmental education tree-planting programs, materials to schools, and events for 6-12 year old children. Kids4Trees is a national participating partner with the USDA Forest Service and official participant in the UN 2011 Year of Forests.

  • NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION FOUNDATION’S CHILDREN AND NATURE INITIATIVE    

    The Iniciative addresses two important issues—preventing serious health conditions like obesity and diabetes, and reconnecting children to nature. Research indicates that unstructured outdoor activities may improve children’s health by increasing physical activity, reducing stress, and serving as a support mechanism for attention disorders.

    The Children and Nature Initiative educates pediatric health care providers about prescribing outdoor activities to children. The program also connects health care providers with local nature sites so that they can refer families to safe and easily accessible outdoor areas.

  • NATIONAL GET OUTDOORS DAY (GO DAY)

    Partners from federal agencies, nonprofit organizations and the recreation industry team up annually to encourage healthy, active outdoor fun for kids and families at events held across the nation. Prime goals of GO Day are to reach currently underserved populations and first-time visitors to public lands, and to reconnect youth to the great outdoors. On Saturday, June 9, 2012, GO Day partners will offer opportunities for American families to experience traditional and non-traditional types of outdoor activities, such as camping, fishing, geo-caching, and more. Many event sites will also feature areas that focus on other aspects of healthy living, including sustainability and good nutrition.

  • NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION

    National Wildlife Federation has worked for nearly 75 years to build awareness and understanding of the natural world. NWFs “Be Out There” campaign addresses the need for parents and other influential adults to make changes to better connect children to nature, improve children’s overall well being through unstructured play and discovery, and to make societal changes to rebuild the next generation of active, healthy and educated environmental stewards.

  • PBS KIDS PLUM LANDING

    Plum Landing is a PBS KIDS environmental science project from WGBH Boston, which offers families and educators fun and easy activities to get kids outside and connect to nature. Explore their games, activities and videos online at their site!

  • PROJECT LEARNING TREE

    PLT is a program of the American Forest Foundation.  For 35 years, Project Learning Tree (PLT) has been taking kids outside to learn. How? By providing educators with the tools, training, and resources they need to teach core subjects through experiences in nature.

    Each year, 30,000 educators attend 1,500 PLT professional development workshops around the country to learn the many ways they can get their students outdoors and learning about nature, while also meeting state and national academic standards. To date, 500,000 educators have turned to PLT for strategies and techniques to teach about topics such as forests, wildlife, water, community planning, recycling, and energy, as part of their everyday lesson plans. Using hands-on, interdisciplinary activities for all grade levels and different learning styles, combined with place-based learning, inquiry-based local investigations, and service-learning projects, PLT helps young people learn how to think, not what to think, about complex environmental issues.

  • THE NATURE MOVEMENT OF RICHARD LOUV

    "The future will belong to the nature-smart -- those individuals, families, businesses, and political leaders who develop a deeper understanding of the transformative power of the natural world and who balance the virtual with the real.  The more high-tech we become, the more nature we need."

  • NATURAL TEACHERS NETWORK (CHILDREN AND NATURE NETWORK)

  • ECOLOGY
    Fantastic multimedia resources and articles, including a special section for kids.
  • ECOKIDS
    Lots of fantastic games and activities.

  • KIDS FOR SAVING EARTH
    Curriculum resources for parents and educators.
     
  • PLAYCORE. BUILDING COMMUNITIES THROUGH PLAY
  • GAME TIME

 


ENLACES DE INTERÉS - ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA Y NUTRICIÓN